Supreme Court lets states legalize sports gambling

Supreme Court

The Supreme Courtroom cleared the way on Monday for states to legalize sports betting, striking down a 1992 federal law that had prohibited most states from authorizing sports betting.

The 6-3 ruling is a victory for NJ and other states who’ve considered allowing sports gambling in an effort to motivate tourism and tax revenue. The NCAA, NFL and NBA experienced backed the federal government prohibition.

The court said the federal laws violated constitutional principles limiting the federal government from controlling state policy, unconstitutionally forcing states to prohibit sports betting under their own laws.

“The legalization of sports gambling requires an essential policy choice, however the choice isn’t ours to create,” Justice Samuel Alito wrote in the 6-3 opinion. “Congress can regulate sports activities gambling straight, but if it elects not to do therefore, each state is absolve to act alone.”

Soon after the ruling, the share cost for Caesars Entertainment rose 6%, and DraftKings said it will enter the sports betting market.

“Today’s decision clears just how for all says to make their own decisions about legalizing sports betting, and in a single fell swoop eliminates Nevada’s monopoly about them and the 1992 federal statute that had protected it,” said Steve Vladeck, CNN Supreme Court analyst and professor of law at the University of Texas College of Law.

“The question now could be whether Congress will leave the claims to create their own alternatives or will now make an effort to enact some type of federal government regulation of sports betting,” Vladeck added.

New Jersey Gov. Phil Murphy celebrated your choice, which started with a lawsuit brought by former-Gov. Chris Christie.

“I am thrilled to start to see the Supreme Court finally part with NJ and hit down the arbitrary ban on sports activities betting imposed by Congress years ago,” Murphy said Mon. “Today’s ruling will finally enable authorized facilities in New Jersey to take the same wagers that are legal in additional states inside our country.”

The controversy were only available in 2011, when NJ voters approved a measure to legalize sports betting to greatly help the internet casino industries in a faltering economy. However the state law was instantly challenged by professional sports leagues and the NCAA, which pointed to a federal law passed in 1992 that bans state sports activities gambling with some exceptions.

NCAA’s chief legal officer Donald Remy said in a declaration that as the organization continues to be reviewing how court’s decision impacts college sports, it’ll “will adjust sports wagering and championship guidelines to align with the path from the court.”

Major Little league Baseball released a statement saying the decision could have “profound effects” about the sport.

“Our most significant priority is protecting the integrity of our video games,” MLB’s declaration continued. “We will continue to support legislation that produces air-limited coordination and partnerships between your state, the gambling house operators and the governing bodies in sports activities toward that goal.”

Main American sports leagues — like the NFL, NBA and the MLB — offered cautious a reaction to the news flash, saying they might take steps to safeguard the integrity of the online games and needed regulatory framework.

Ted Leonsis, who owns the NBA’s Washington Wizards, the WNBA’s Washington Mystics and the National Hockey League’s Washington Capitals, celebrated your choice.

“It provides a multibillion dollar market out from the shadows and in to the sunshine, where its integrity can be guaranteed and customers could be better protected,” Leonsis wrote in a weblog post, adding, “I believe that the increased transparency that may accompany more legalized betting around the united states will only further drive back potential corruption.”

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg dissented, and joined by Justice Sonia Sotomayor and Justice Stephen Breyer partly, criticized almost all for wielding an ax to “decrease” down the entire statute rather than “utilizing a scalpel to trim the statute.” She suggested regulations could possibly be severed for a much less broad ruling that could only impact the states rather than private parties.

The Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act managed to get unlawful for circumstances to “sponsor, operate, advertise, promote, permit, or authorize for legal reasons” sports wagering. Nevada was exempted from the law, and three other says — Montana, Delaware, and Oregon — that had currently enacted sports lotteries were permitted to continue steadily to do so. Regulations was exceeded out of concern that sports activities gambling might switch the nature of sports from wholesome entertainment to a gadget for gambling.

At the time, New Jersey could have allowed sports wagering if it had acted within a year of the law’s effective date, but chose never to. However, the condition later changed its brain and passed a legislation to permit sports betting. Sports activities leagues challenged regulations citing the 1992 legislation, and they received in federal court.

NJ then tried to move a new regulation in 2014 that simply repealed important provisions of its prohibitions on sports wagering to the degree they applied in racetracks and casinos. Once again, the courts ruled against the state, prompting Christie to consider the case to the Supreme Courtroom. New Jersey noticed the case as a says’ right concern and argued that the 1992 legislation is unconstitutional because it violates the so known as “anti-commandeering” theory of the 10th Amendment that pubs Congress from ordering claims to take part in a federal government regulatory scheme.
Monday, the Supreme Court agreed.

“Almost all relied upon the ‘anti-commandeering’ doctrine, keeping that Congress may choose federal policies, but can’t dictate to states what their personal policies should be,” Vladeck said.

Christie celebrated the ruling in a tweet. “New Jersey citizens wanted sports activities gambling and the federal government Gov’t had no to inform them no. The Supreme Courtroom will abide by us today.”

West Virginia and 17 other states, and the governors of 3 more sided with NJ in the event. They said in court briefs that if the high courtroom sided with the sporting leagues, “Congress could compel the whole machinery of state — legislatures, executives, and courts — to keep up and enforce repealed condition laws and regulations at the behest of the government.”

Lawyers for the leagues responded that the government law does not work afoul of the Constitution since it doesn’t pressure the says to take any actions or be a part of any federal regulatory scheme. It just prohibits sports betting in the USA.

They argued a state law legalizing sports betting is preempted by existing federal law.

“New Jersey’s actual complaint is that Congress offers forbidden it from enacting the precise policy it prefers — specifically, state sports activities gambling at its state-licensed casinos and race tracks,” wrote Paul D. Clement, an attorney representing the NCAA, the NBA, the NFL and others.

BetVictor signs Yggdrasil slots offer and launches Assured Bet

Yggdrasil

Gibraltar-centered operator, BetVictor has extended its online casino quite happy with an option of Yggdrasil’s portfolio of slots, while also launching a fresh Assured Bet in UK and Ireland horseracing.

The world-wide contract with Yggdrasil covers multiple regulated markets and sees BetVictor add the supplier’s video slots to its online casino, along with the BOOST in-game marketing tool.

“We’re delighted to partner with BetVictor, one of the primary brands in the betting and iGaming arena,” said Yggdrasil leader Fredrik Elmqvist. “There is usually significant requirement for from leading operators for our innovative content material that maintains improving and better, and we’re really looking towards dealing with BetVictor.”

BetVictor in addition has unveiled it is new guaranteed video game this week, that allows customers to ensure their wager for the opportunity to get up to £500 on the ‘win’ component of an individual bet. The market can look alongside existing ‘extra marketplaces’ on any race.

Guaranteed Bet is on ‘win’ and ‘each method’ single bets just from 11am on your day of the race before race starts.

“We are very happy to launch Guaranteed Wager, which once more shows our commitment to providing horseracing bettors the perfect value,” stated BetVictor director of sportsbook Matt Scarrott. “We entered dialogue with the Horseracing Bettors Discussion board (HBF) earlier this season which project is something we’ve been keen to put into action for some time. We believe our assurance to add ‘each way’ wagers and all race classes makes it a respected industry initiative.

“Once we possess trialled Guaranteed Bet for a short while, our strategy is to examine it with the purpose of increasing limitations and extending the timescales in the years ahead.”

HBF chairman Matt Bisogno added: “For the very first time with a significant operator, punters can back any equine to win at the least £500 whatever the class of competition. Having discussed numerous problems with the group at BetVictor previously in the entire year, HBF was heartened by their dedication to a fairer gambling environment.

“Of program, actions speak louder than terms, and today’s announcement can be an extremely positive step of progress for British and Irish racing bettors in addition to a palpable demonstration of BetVictor’s commitment. HBF believes the Guaranteed Wager provision represents a forward-thinking strategy, and we further wish it encourages additional operators to improve their providing to horseracing bettors.”

Osaka restates anti-graft guidelines as casinos come courting

Osaka

The government in Japan city of Osaka has reiterated a ban on public officials going alone to meet up casino company representatives, reports Reuters news agency.

The government bodies have additionally restated a prohibition on officials going to celebrations, sharing meals or getting presents, stated the news headlines outlet.

Reuters said “at least” eight casino companies are courting Osaka while a niche site for a casino vacation resort and reported some have already been building charity donations to open public causes, a task seemingly permitted beneath the rules.

United States-based teams MGM Resorts International and NEVADA Sands Corp, and also Hong Kong-centered Melco Resorts and Entertainment Ltd, have almost all indicated they anticipate a Japan task to cost in the least All of us$10 billion.

Japan legalized internet casino business with the passage in July of the Integrated Resorts Implementation Expenses.

In Osaka, the federal government has recognized casino business in an effort to boost the regional economy via taxation, job, and infrastructure creation and increased inbound tourism. Such a venue may possibly be situated on an artificial island known as Yumeshima (pictured), or “Desire Island” in English.

“I wish to properly nurture the tourism market in Osaka as you of its pillars,” stated Ichiro Matsui, Osaka’s governor, as quoted by Reuters.

Executives from 11 gambling house businesses met Mr Matsui for “courtesy calls” 25 occasions between 2012 and could 2018, reported Reuters, citing prefectural records.

The news headlines outlet added that operators and “additional related companies” had met Osaka officials 119 times since May 2017.

An Osaka casino would have to generate US $4 billion a year to be able to create a 14-percent annual come back on an US $8-billion investment, banking group Morgan Stanley suggested in a July statement, mentioning some issues about how exactly much regulation and crimson tape may be imposed on the industry at national and local level.

The central government has indicated you will see a 30-percent levy on gross gaming income (GGR) made by the industry – in comparison to Macau’s effective rate of circa 39 percent – although how and whether Japan’s GGR tax will be divvied up between your nationwide authorities and the regions is yet to be announced.

Reuters reported that community opinion in Osaka is divided on the casino subject. It cited a March study by Japan’s general public broadcaster NHK that indicated 42 percent of residents that responded were against a casino due to fears dealing with gambling addiction among locals. Less than a 5th of respondents were reported to be in favor of this initiative.

The neighborhood government has recommended such a project may help create a lot more than 80,000 jobs “a year” over the region, reported Reuters.

However, the news agency quoted Teruo Sakurada, a professor at Osaka’s Hannan University and who prospects an anti-casino group, as suggesting many jobs were be part-period and with a low payout in accordance with average local rates.

Mens arrested after allegedly robbing $192,800 from Alabama casino

robbing

Federal prosecutors have caught two men, including a previous employee, for allegedly stealing $192,800 from an Alabama casino the other day after a worker left keys on top of a gaming kiosk.

The former Wind Creek Montgomery casino employee Jory D’Michael Travunn Dumas and Timothy Dean Pettiway were arrested Tuesday and so are both charged with theft from a gaming establishment on Indian lands for the Aug. 10 heist, relating to federal court documents.

The money was stolen from two kiosks, or cash machines after a casino employee checked out the keys and remaining them atop a kiosk.

Dumas, Pettiway’s nephew, was dismissed from the case Friday after prosecutors said the original investigation had incorrectly recognized him as the one who found the keys from the kiosk.

An FBI overview of Wind Creek’s security footage discovered that Pettiway was the main one to take the keys.

But U.S. Magistrate Judge Gray Borden on Friday recommended Dumas that though his charge have been dismissed, the prosecution could still present costs against him to another grand jury.

Court papers allege casino employee Courtney Stanton tested keys to kiosks 8 and 19, even though surveillance footage showed her leaving the keys along with a machine and taking walks away before Pettiway retrieved the keys.

Footage in court Friday showed a guy alleged to end up being Pettiway taking one money box from kiosk 19. As the kiosk houses multiple cash boxes with expenses of different denominations, courtroom testimony exposed, Pettiway allegedly eliminated the package of $100 bills.

Pettiway after that took the box right into a restroom Dumas was regarded as in. Pettiway later on exited, walked to kiosk 8, and repeated the task.

Around once, another casino worker noticed Machine 8 wasn’t functioning properly. Stanton informed tribal law enforcement she reported her keys lacking to her supervisor and notified security.

Casino protection entered the washroom to get empty money boxes in the handicapped stall from devices 8 and 19.

“Financial information obtained from the Casino indicate $100,800 in $100 costs denominations are unaccounted for from the dispenser cassette assigned to Kiosk machine #8 and $92,000 in $100 bill denominations are unaccounted for from the dispenser cassette designated to Kiosk machine #19,” court papers state.

LeoVegas applies for gambling licence in Sweden

LeoVegas

On January 1, 2019, Sweden turns into a certified gaming marketplace and LeoVegas has submitted its software to secure a license for internet casino and sports betting. That is consistent with LeoVegas’ growth technique and is among the steps towards attaining the economic targets for the entire year 2020, which are to attain at least EUR 600 million in income and EBITDA of at least EUR 100 m.

“Although it has been known for quite a while that Sweden is introducing an area license program, it is extremely exciting to formally fill out an application and is something we’ve been looking forward to for a long period. Sweden’s learning to be a locally regulated market is usually a milestone for Sweden, the market, and LeoVegas. Right now, for the very first time, everyone can compete on equivalent conditions in a regulated environment, where responsible video gaming is an essential part. We believe we’ve great opportunities to keep gaining market shares in the Swedish marketplace. LeoVegas is an organization that operates on many regulated markets and therefore gets the right tools and understanding to create sustainable and solid growth,” comments Gustaf Hagman, Group CEO.

Regulated markets and their potential

Through the second quarter, LeoVegas’ Net Game playing Income (NGR) from regulated market segments accounted intended for 39% of total NGR. Regulated markets provide higher possibilities to localize the providing and be even more relevant. This is also true for advertising, as more marketing stations are exposed, but also for the client experience, where – for instance – more payment strategies become available.

Responsible gaming – LeoSafePlay

A regulated marketplace also has a larger number and more intensive guidelines for responsible gaming, which LeoVegas sights as positive. Most importantly, the central register that’ll be applied will serve as a very important resource for responsible video gaming.

The forthcoming license requirements in Sweden are comprehensive regarding responsible gaming. LeoVegas offers always had its concentrate on this area, in fact, it is something LeoVegas welcomes. The Company’s responsible gaming system, LeoSafePlay, is managed as a standalone business device to be able to create the very best conditions for another generation system of accountable gaming predicated on machine learning and artificial intelligence.

About the LeoVegas mobile gaming group

LeoVegas’ passion is “At the forefront into the mobile potential”. LeoVegas is usually Sweden’s premier GameTech organization and reaches the forefront of using state-of-the-art technology for cellular gaming. In 2017 the business passed the threshold to be categorized as an unicorn, i.e., a start-up valued at a lot more than USD 1 billion. A big part of the success could be credited to an intense product and technology concentrate in conjunction with effective and data-powered marketing. Technology advancement is carried out in Sweden, while procedures are located in Malta. LeoVegas gives casino, live gambling establishment and sports gambling, and operates two global and scalable brands – LeoVegas and Royal Panda – as well as a regional, multibrand operator collectively known as Rocket X. The company’s shares are detailed on Nasdaq Stockholm.

New Jersey online gambling profits soar in July

new jersey

New Jersey’s internet casinos had a windfall in July, with the profits soaring to an all-period high. Leading from leading in revenue generation had been Borgata and Golden Nugget, with a good overall performance by the brand new Hard Rock and Sea online casinos.

General, the state’s iGaming revenue for the month touched $25,897,517, with slots and table video games contributing $24,048,964 and internet poker attracting $1,848,553. Online casino income now makes up about 93 % of the state’s online betting profits.

Golden Nugget and Borgata soar

Although some might surmise that NJ’s two different internet casinos, Hard Rock and Ocean, could cannibalise income at established challengers, they certainly had little influence on Borgata and Golden Nugget’s important thing in July.

The previous month, Golden Nugget had its greatest month ever, boasting a win of $9,328,814, more than half-a-million dollars more than its earlier best month this March. GN, which acts as the umbrella for Betfair and SugarHouse (and soon Churchill Downs), regularly dominates the NJ live casino industry when it comes to revenue. This season, it has banked $58,272,651 altogether, around $28 million a lot more than Borgata, its closest competitor.

Golden Nugget’s July income was nearly 50 percent more than what this took in through the same period this past year, an astounding feat due to the fact all round industry growth offers slowed considerably.

Borgata was the different big champion last month, posting an archive high win of $4,463,799, a 42 % Y/Y bump.

The licensee, which also counts playMGM and PartyCasino NJ as associates, had its previous best month in May, but eclipsed that amount by almost $300,000 in July.

All the casinos under Borgata’s wing released well-known Live Dealer games in-may, which could be among the drivers at the rear of its impressive recent revenue.

Hard Rock and Ocean take their first baby steps

The previous month was Hard Rock’s first complete month of operation. The recently minted online casino raked in $329,650.

Ocean Casino had not been that much behind, with a complete take of $249,805, interesting due to the fact the site only started taking players in a restricted capability in the center of the month. If the gambling establishment had to continue at that price, and have been in procedure for the entire month, it could have actually defeat out Hard Rock in July.

Sea, which lacks the brand acknowledgment that Hard Rock brings to the desk, still has a few functions to do in enhancing its product. Nevertheless, the site released with an eye-popping bonus opportunity, that could possess succeeded in attracting intrigued gamblers.

The welcome bonus bundle carries a reward as high as $125 free, plus a whopping $10,000 deposit bonus. The prior biggest welcome bonus in the condition was through Betfair, that provides a 100 % deposit reward up to $2500.

While ideal for marketing, players must be aware that the Ocean bonus isn’t for the faint of center. To earn the whole amount, gamblers must perform a significant amount, more than nearly all casual players will be capable of.

WSOP.com’s tri-state compact isn’t saving NJ online poker

June was a bright place for New Jersey internet poker, with the state’s 3 poker licensees contributing for a 1.3 percent year-over-year growth. The accomplishment was due mainly to WSOP.com, which linked player pools with card players in Delaware and Nevada in the may. The capability to talk about liquidity around the states immediately propelled the network to the very best spot in NJ, defeating out PokerStars for the very first time.

Figures were also inflated because of the hype surrounding the WSOP and the $3.023 million assured Online Championships flagship contest series, which previously ran individually in Nevada and NJ.

In June, however, poker income went back to its downward slide. Altogether, poker sites required in only $1,848,553 for a 7.9 % Y/Y decrease.

It’s becoming more and more clear that rather than growing the market all together, WSOP shared liquidity is merely cannibalizing clients from its competitors.

That said, PokerStars would likely soon get back its position while the king of poker in the state, if so when NJ agrees about an interstate small with Pennsylvania, which legalized the market this past year. The poker behemoth lately exposed a partnership with Mount Airy in the condition, and can surely connect participant pools using its NJ site if allowed.

Sports betting revenue on the way next month

The following month, we’ll get our 1st look at the internet and cellular sports betting, because of the launch of DraftKings Sportsbook previous this month. The business was the first ever to launch a cellular and online sports activities wagering item in the condition, beating out competent competitors. DraftKings is usually partnered with Resorts Gambling establishment.

Sportsbook gross gaming income will be reported while the sum of most wagers without the payouts of winning wagers that have been redeemed during the month.

Sports which conclude through the timeframe will become included while winning wager payouts will never be deducted from GGR till events, like the Super Bowl, are kept and the earning wager redeemed.

Apple kills 25000 unlawful gambling applications in china

Apple

Apple offers reportedly taken out 25,000 gambling apps from its Application Store in China that flouted the neighborhood cyber policies.

In a statement directed at The Wall Street Journal on Monday, the Cupertino-based iPhone manufacturer stated “gambling applications are illegal rather than allowed on the App Store in China”.

“We’ve already removed various applications and programmers for trying to deliver unlawful gambling apps on our App Store, and we are vigilant inside our attempts to find these and prevent them from getting on the App Shop,” Apple added.

The business, which some time ago touched the $1-trillion tag, reacted after China’s state broadcaster CCTV, charged the tech giant of not performing enough to screen out gambling and various other illegal apps.

Apple established its rules for allowing for applications to its store but didn’t respect them itself, producing a proliferation of fake lottery apps and gambling apps,” the Financial Occasions reported, quoting a CCTV declaration.

Apple this past year removed applications for virtual personal network (VPN) solutions in China, used to circumvent Beijing’s censorship equipment as well as a huge selection of other apps, including Skype.

Amid heightened trade tensions between your US and China, tech huge Apple in July joined up with hands using its suppliers to release a $300 million clean energy fund in China.

The “China Clean Energy Fund” will spend money on and develop clean-energy tasks totaling a lot more than 1 gigawatt of renewable energy in China, the same as powering nearly 1 million homes, Apple said in a declaration.

Apple in 2017 announced it could invest almost $500 million in China to build two new R&D centres in Shanghai and Suzhou.

In September 2016, Apple opened its 1st China R&D centre in Beijing’s Zhongguancun Technology Park, also known as “China’s Silicon Valley”.

China Police Crack $1.1 Billion Internet Gambling Ring

Gambling

Casino gambling is unlawful in the landmass of China, with budding punters needing to happen to be the particular administrative area of Macau that borders southern China’s Guangdong province.

Police in eastern China have got busted a 7.8 billion yuan ($1.1 billion) online gambling band and arrested 56 suspects, the state Xinhua news company reported about Sunday. The suspects are charged of earning illegal earnings of 650 million yuan from the Philippines-based system, which had a lot more than 114,000 users, Xinhua stated, citing police in Jiangsu province.

The investigation in to the gambling website premiered in January 2016 after a tip-off, the report said, adding that four of the prime suspects were traced through charge card information. Phone calls to police in Jiangsu looking for comment proceeded to go unanswered. Casino gambling is usually unlawful in mainland China, with budding punters needing to happen to be the special administrative area of Macau that borders southern China’s Guangdong province.

Fifty suspects in the web gambling case were caught in Shanghai, Fujian, Zhejiang and Guangdong, Xinhua said, while another 6 returned to China from the Philippines and handed themselves in. They are now transferred for criminal prosecution.

Betting on soccer legally is still years away in most states

Betting

When the United States Supreme Court struck straight down a federal law banning sports activities betting in The America in-may, football fans over the country rejoiced.

Betting on football, not the following baseball, is usually America’s true pastime. Vast sums are wagered each and every time of year: estimates say $88 billion is bet on university and pro soccer though offshore on-line accounts annually, far more than the $2 billion wager legally in Nevada, the just state where sports activities gambling offers been permitted previously few years. And that $88 million doesn’t include bets positioned in workplace pools or with community bookies.

While the unlawful nature of sports betting doesn’t appear to have deterred way too many US gamblers, everything being equal, most may possibly choose to be on the proper side of regulations. Theoretically, the Supreme Courtroom decision cleared just how for UK-style regional betting shops atlanta divorce attorneys town and actually gambling at sports pubs like Buffalo Wild Wings. Online sports activities gambling is usually poised to explode.

However the floodgates have yet to open, which football time of year, US bettors will yet have only a small number of choices for putting lawful wagers. For some gamblers, legal sports activities betting continues to be years away, due to the convoluted patchwork of condition laws and regulations that regulate gambling.

When the Supreme Court ruled in-may, it notably didn’t legalize sports betting in the united states, but merely struck straight down the federal law banning it, saying it had been a matter for individual claims to choose what they wished to do from there. For states with long-established gambling establishment industries and licensing methods set up, permitting casinos to open up sports activities books was no big offer. New Jersey, the condition whose drive to overturn the federal ban prompted the courtroom ruling, was ready to go in June, and today offers six casinos and two competition tracks offering sports betting. Nearly $60 million in sports betting activities were positioned through the finish of July.

Delaware and Mississippi also got out of the gate early, making betting in casinos available starting this summer, according to ESPN. West Virginia is like to be next: at least one casino in the state is scheduled to begin taking sports bets on Sept. 1. A handful of other states, led by Pennsylvania and Rhode Island, are close behind, although unlikely to be ready by the start of football season. Following them are about 20 states with bills working their way through various legislatures, and then another 25 states where no bills have been introduced (and in some states, like Utah, may never be).

In lots of states, the sluggishness is the section of the normal stop-and-begin legislative course of action, where bills are at the mercy of pressure from numerous interests and lobbying groups. For instance, Major Little league Baseball and the National Basketball Association possess hired lobbyists in says where expenses are pending, arguing they deserve a slice of any gambling revenues gathered based on bets positioned on the groups and players within their leagues.

Once the laws and regulations are on the books, potential sports-betting operators will probably face onerous licensing methods from condition gambling commissions. Rules could require hefty charges for a sport gambling license, plus a taxes on revenues (NJ levies a 8.5% tax on the amount of money the casino wins from gamblers). Extensive criminal background checks for operators is a regular procedure in those says that already enable gambling. And the procedure is even more challenging for the huge selection of Native American tribes presently operating casinos.

Nevertheless, presented the demand, legal sports betting is most likely arriving at a town in your area at a few point. Not with time for the NFL time of year kickoff Sept. 6.